How do the colour and design of the clothes affect the person wearing it?

Contents
1. Selection of colours by a person according to the temperament
2. Process in the context of selection of clothes by a person
3. Why does a person select tamasik clothes?
4. Basic components of sattvikta of clothes and their importance
5. Clothes worn by men, their colours and sattvikta available from them
6. Subtle effects of wearing different kinds of dresses by men
6.1 Protection from raja-tama frequencies due to sattvikta of the dress
6.2 Effects of wearing very less clothes while sleeping
6.3 Reason for increase in the swelling on the body because of horizontal stripes on clothes
7. Importance of wearing dresses appropriate from a spiritual viewpoint
8. Sattvik dress for children
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1. Selection of colours by a person according to the temperament

The likes-dislikes of a person are according to the three gunas.
1. A sattvik person likes to wear clothes of sattvik colours like yellow, blue, pink etc.
2. A rajasik person likes clothes of gaudy colours, like red, orange etc., with colourful designs
3. A tamasik person likes to wear black clothes or clothes of dark tamasik colours with weird designs.

A sattvik person likes to wear simple clothes with minimum stitching. Other sattvik persons also like such clothes and experience closeness with such a person.

2. Process in the context of selection of clothes by a person

On looking at the clothes of various colours and designs their vibrations are attracted towards the vibrations of the subconscious mind of the person. When both the vibrations match each other, favourable sensations are created in the subconscious mind of the person. The person likes those clothes and thinks of purchasing them.

But when the vibrations of the clothes and the person’s subconscious mind do not match, unfavourable or distressing vibrations are created in his subconscious mind. The person does not like such clothes and he does not wish to purchase them.

A process takes place at a subtle level in the person’s subconscious mind through the vibrations because of which he likes clothes of some specific colours or specific design according to his temperament.

3. Why does a person like tamasik clothes?

There are some reasons for the tamasik attitude and likes of a person. One of the reasons is the distress of negative energies. In today’s Kaliyug, the process of selection of clothes of the person suffering from negative energies varies as per the level of his distress.

If the negative energies control the mind and intellect of the person or if the negative energy is fully manifest through the person at a sagun level or if the person is puzzled, then the clothes are selected by the person according to the liking of the negative energy.

A rajasik person selects tamasik clothes because of being under the control of a negative energy.

If the existence of the negative energy is in low proportion in a person, then the selection of clothes is done according to the liking of the Jiva.

It is clear that the influence of negative energies compels a person to take inappropriate action. Be it the selection of clothes or any other action in life, obtaining Divine chaitanya through them is helpful in making our life stable. Hence the Sanatan culture teaches us to observe righteous conduct. By understanding how much sattvikta we derive from the clothes we wear, we will also be able to perform the action of wearing the clothes with faith.

4. Basic components of sattvikta of clothes and their importance

Similar to a person, every object has its good or distressing vibrations based on its characteristics. The vibrations of many objects of regular use around us constantly affect us. So it is necessary that the objects of our daily use be sattvik. The vibrations and bhav-emotions are created in a person according to the gunas of the clothes he wears.

By wearing sattvik clothes the person experiences stability and Shanti.

By wearing rajasik clothes fickleness is generated in the person.

By wearing tamasik clothes, extroversion is generated in the person and he becomes self-willed in behaviour.

So the selection of clothes should be done from the viewpoint of sattvikta. As per a rule of science of Spirituality, word, touch, form, taste, fragrance and its associated energy co-exist. Hence the vibrations of the clothes depend on their type, colour, form, the design on them and the stitching. When these ingredients are sattvik, sattvik vibrations are attracted in the clothes and the person wearing them gets the benefit of sattvikta and divine chaitanya.

5. Clothes worn by men, their colours and sattvikta available from them

Sattvikta available from different colours of a half and full sleeved shirt:

Colour Sattvikta available from
the colour (%)
Half sleeved
shirt
Full sleeved
shirt
1. White 2.7 2.7
2. Yellow 2.7 2.7
3. Blue 1 2
4. Ash 1 2
5. Dark
brown
0 0

Now let us look at the colours of a shirt tucked in and an untucked bush-shirt. There is a difference between a shirt and a bush-shirt. The shirt is cut in a specific round shape at the lower end and is a little open near the neck whereas a bush-shirt is not cut at the lower end; but is fully open from the front.

Colour Sattvikta available from
the colour (%)
Tucked
shirt
Untucked
bush-shirt
1. White 1 2.7
2. Yellow 1 2.7
3. Blue 1 2
4. Ash 1 1
5. Dark
brown
0 0

Sattvikta available from an average collar and a stand collar of shirts of various colours

Colour Sattvikta available from
the colour (%)
Average collar
of shirt
Stand collar
of shirt
1. White 1 2.7
2. Yellow 1 2.7
3. Blue 1 2
4. Ash 0 0
5. Dark
brown
0 0

Sattvikta available from various colours of a collar-less kurta

Colour Sattvikta available from
the colour (%)
1. White 2.7
2. Yellow 2.7
3. Blue 2
4. Ash 1
5. Dark
brown
0

Sattvikta available from various colours of a pant

Colour Sattvikta available from
the colour (%)
1. White 2.7
2. Yellow 1
3. Blue 2.7
4. Ash 2.7
5. Blackish 0

It is understood from all the above tables that, whatever be the type of men’s clothes,

1. No sattvikta is available from dark brown colour.
2. The proportion of availability of sattvikta from a white and a yellow coloured shirt or a bush-shirt is more, i.e.                    2.7%.
3. Higher, i.e. 2.7% sattvikta is available from a white, blue and an ash coloured pant also.

Similar to the colours, if there are various kinds of designs and forms, they also affect the person. The person himself or other persons also are not distressed by the vibrations emitted by clothes that are as per the temperament of the person.

6. Subtle effects of wearing different kinds of dresses by men

Sanatan Sanstha conducts spiritual research under the guidance of H.H. Dr. Athavale to understand the effect of every action in man’s life at a spiritual level. As part of these experiments, a subtle analysis is also carried out through seekers having ability to perceive the subtle dimension. Subtle means that which is beyond the five sense organs, mind and intellect. Through sadhana the ability to understand the subtle is created. Many seekers with this ability perceive the subtle events; whereas many actually see them in the subtle. When the subtle event perceived is described in words it is called a subtle-analysis. When this event is demonstrated in the form of pictures, they are called ‘subtle-pictures’ and when good or distressing vibrations are experienced by looking at an object or a person or studying that experience is called ‘performing a subtle-experiment’.

One of the seekers having this ability is Ms. Ranjana Gavas, a seeker from Goa. A subtle-analysis was conducted by Ms. Ranjana on 12th April 2009 to understand the subtle-effects regarding the wearing of dresses by men.

Clothes befitting a person due to the matching vibrations when they are worn as per the temperament: Ms. Ranjana saw a person who had worn a green and violet coloured shirt with red shaded slanting lines. Ms. Ranjana felt that the vibrations emitted by his body as per his temperament and the vibrations emitted by his shirt were matching with each other. As the shirt worn by the person was as per his temperament, it suited him well..

Experiencing contradiction in the vibrations of a sattvik person and the shirt worn by him: After some time Ms. Ranjana saw that a similar shirt is worn by a sattvik person. By looking at him she felt a contradiction in the vibrations emitted by the sattvik person and the shirt. The friction of the mismatched vibrations against each other generated distressing vibrations. Due to this the mildness of the person and the brightness of the shirt were not matching. As a result the shirt did not suit him. That time Ms. Ranjana experienced pressure on the chest.

When the raja-tama-predominant person had worn clothes that created raja-tama vibrations, both the vibrations matched with each other. So while performing a subtle-analysis, Ms. Ranjana did not experience anything special. But when the clothes creating raja-tama vibrations were worn by a sattvik person, both the vibrations did not mix well with each other. For this reason, because of the friction, distressing vibrations were being created. This is the reason why Ms. Ranjana experienced pressure on the chest after looking at the person.

Results of the subtle-analysis made by Ms. Ranjana:

If the vibrations of the temperament of a person and the clothes worn by him are matching, the person is not distressed.

When a sattvik person wears raja-tama-predominant clothes, distressing vibrations are created.

The sattva and raja-tama frequencies in the environment affect every object and Jiva. The objects are also charged with the black energy emitted by the distressing and negative energies. Any object gets charged with good or negative energies due to the energy influencing the object. Sattvikta and chaitanya cannot be absorbed by the objects charged with negative energies.

The dresses kept for a long period in a premise affected by negative energy or used by a person affected by negative energy are charged with distressing vibrations. The dresses kept in a sattvik premise like a temple or used by Saints are charged with sattvik frequencies.

Type of men’s dresses Maximum possibility of getting charged (%)
By good energies By negative energies
1. Silk dhoti-uparana 5 2
2. Dhoti-kurta 4 2
3. Suit 4 3
4. Shirt-pant 2 2

It is understood from this table why it is most sattvik to wear a silk dhoti and an uparana as prescribed by Hindu religious scriptures.

The proportion of getting charged by negative energies of the appropriate dresses as per Hindu culture like a dhoti-uparana, a dhoti-kurta and a kurta-pyjama is similar to that of other dresses. However because inherent sattvikta in these dresses being more, their ability to make the energy and attacks of the negative energies ineffective is also more as compared to other dresses. For this reason many experience spiritual healing happening from these dresses.

Spiritual experience: The experience of lightness of body felt two hours after wearing a sattvik dress lasting throughout the day: I was advised spiritual healing remedies for four hours daily for relief from my spiritual distress. Earlier, after the completion of three hours of spiritual remedies, I would experience lightness because of reduction of the black covering around me. I began wearing a dhoti and a kurta from 27th March 2009, that is, from the Hindu New Year day. On wearing the sattvik dress I started experiencing lightness just after two hours of wearing the dress. I felt the lightness throughout the day. Now every day I wear this dress only. – Mr. Rajaram Padhye, Maharashtra

Mr. Padhye experienced lightness because of reduction in the covering of black energy due to Chaitanya available from wearing a dhoti-kurta. From this spiritual experience it is evident that ‘a dhoti and a kurta are sattvik and one derives benefits by wearing this dress’.

6.1 Protection from raja-tama frequencies due to sattvikta of the dress

Through the medium of the dresses used by men, to some extent they get the benefit of good energy, i.e. sattvikta because of which a person is protected from the raja-tama frequencies.

Clothes of the upper part of
the body of men
Good energy (%)
1. Banian
Sleeveless
Sleeved
1
2
2. Kurta 4
Clothes of the lower part of
the body of men
Good energy (%)
1. Dhooti 4

Thus 1.8% good energy is available from a pyjama and 2% from a dhoti. From all these statements, one aspect that stands out is that wearing a dress is also an achar. By wearing clothes, a person gets sattvikta and Divine energy. Similarly he is also protected from the negative energies. In spite of this some people are interested in wearing scanty clothes. Some people consider wearing old clothes as ‘simple living’ and wearing new clothes as a sign of an ‘egoistic’ person. Some persons wear clothes for many days without washing. Because the negative energies are raja-tama predominant, they like to wear old clothes. Because of such distress the person feels that this is his own liking.

6.2 Effects of wearing very less clothes while sleeping

Some people sleep at night with very few clothes. In such situation they have a risk of distress of negative energies.

Spiritual experience: On sleeping without clothes, experiencing ‘somebody’s touch on the body’ and after wearing a T-shirt with horizontal lines there being an increase in the body swelling: This person has to sleep completely covered with clothes since childhood. Else he experiences ‘somebody’s touch on the body’ and there is swelling on the whole body. With this he also experienced that on wearing a T-shirt with horizontal lines, the swelling on the body increases.

It is imperative for us to understand what process takes place at a subtle level in getting the experience of someone’s touch on sleeping without clothes or in developing swelling on the body.

There is an immediate attack of external raja-tama frequencies on an uncovered body.

A person affected by negative energies is touched by the raja-tama frequencies in the environment. The places of black energies in the body are immediately activated and they respond to this touch. These places of black energy absorb the distressing frequencies of the relative level according to the sensitiveness of the person.

Similarly during the night there is an increase in the influence of tama-dominant frequencies in the environment. By the touch of these frequencies to a person’s body they have a friction with the body. With this friction the places of distressing vibrations in the person’s body are awakened and they begin responding to the tama-dominant frequencies in the environment.

The exchange of the tama-dominant distressing vibrations in the person’s body and the atmosphere begins. The distressing vibrations start moving in the vitality of the body. For this reason, swelling starts developing on the person’s body.

At the same time, many negative energies in the environment are attracted to the person.

From this one aspect becomes clear that the influence of negative energies increases by wandering or sleeping without wearing clothes.

6.3 Reason for increase in the swelling on the body because of horizontal stripes on clothes

The horizontal stripes on clothes are aligned with the ground and indicate a close relation with it. These stripes have the ability to attract the distressing vibrations emitted from the Hell region (Patal) in a short time and conserve them in the void between the two stripes. Hence, by the touch of these distressing frequencies, the distressing vibrations are accumulated in the body in higher proportion by wearing a horizontal striped T-shirt. The proportion of the flow of these frequencies in the body increases. Because of the distressing vibrations spread in the body, the swelling on the body also increases.

7. Importance of wearing dresses appropriate from a spiritual viewpoint

Wearing dresses as per Hindu religious scriptures is also an achar. Observing achars regularly amounts to abiding by Dharma. Wearing dresses of sattvik colours and sattvik designs helps in obtaining Divine frequencies. One is also protected from the negative energies. Also due to abiding by Dharma, God bestows grace on the person. Hence it is necessary to wear clothes as prescribed by the Scriptures. By regular abiding by Dharma, the person starts becoming sattvik. There is a change in his likes. There is a change in his likes regarding the selection of clothes also.

Example of a positive change in a person and developing interest in sattvik colours of clothes: Generation of liking in clothes of blue and sky-blue colours on starting sadhana: Since childhood I did not have liking for clothes of any particular colour. After I began sadhana my liking for clothes of blue colour increased. Five years later, I did not realise when my liking changed from the clothes of blue colour to clothes of sky-blue colour. Then I realised that the sky-blue colour is created from the blue colour itself. When the blue colour is removed from this colour totally, white colour remains. Now I feel that when the level of my sadhana will increase I will like the clothes of white colour only. – Mr. Vishal Pawar, Maharashtra

Here the point to note is that there was a change in Mr. Vishal’s thoughts and his thought process was directed towards living Spirituality because of sadhana. The blue colour is the symbol of Bhav/Shanti and the white colour is of nirgun. By mixing white colour in blue colour, the sky-blue colour is created. This means because of sadhana a person travels from sagun to nirgun and in the end, he merges into the nirgun and formless God. One does get the benefit of doing action as per scriptures.

Spiritual experience: Beginning to use clothes of one colour only after commencing sadhana and thereafter using only a half-sleeved kurta and a pyjama for the last 7-8 years: On beginning sadhana, gradually I started giving away my colourful clothes and those with designs to others and started wearing clothes having only single colour and devoid of any designs. Thereafter I started wearing only a white coloured, half-sleeved kurta and a pant. For the last 3 years I have been wearing a pyjama in place of a pant. This transformation in me happened automatically. For this I did not make any special efforts or none suggested me to do so. I realised the reason for this change at the time of translating the Marathi Holy text published by Sanatan Sanstha ‘How should a dress be from a spiritual viewpoint?’ into Kannada. I was amazed at the profound thought given to all the actions like wearing of clothes etc. in the Hindu Dharma. My faith on the principle that great transformation can be achieved in each person and the society by putting into practice the small actions of life strengthened. – Dr. Prakash Ghali, Kanataka

Due to sadhana, the achars are observed by a person and it helps enhance his faith in Dharma. We have seen the spiritual experiences of two seekers regarding the changes in their selection of clothes after commencing sadhana. Many seekers have had this type of spiritual experiences. Here are some of the examples:

1. Reduction in obesity
2. Experiencing ease while walking
3. Increasing of pride in the Dharma
4. Experiencing anger about heretic events
5. Increase in the yearning that ‘I should strive for the spread of Dharma in a better way’.
6.Increase in chanting and sattvik thoughts
7. Sustaining of communion with God
8. Experiencing extraordinary Shanti and Anand

In the raja-tama filled environment in Kaliyug, generally 100% people are affected by the negative energies in less or more proportion. The average people have no knowledge whether they have distress of negative energies or not; and if they have, in what proportion. For this reason it is helpful for all to wear sattvik or single-coloured clothes only. If this is not possible, the clothes of light colour and with small designs should be worn; but the black, deep brown or other dark and tama-dominant coloured clothes and clothes with weird designs should not be worn. By wearing sattvik clothes one will certainly get such spiritual experiences.

8. Sattvik dress for children

Just as adults should wear sattvik clothes, they should also dress their children in sattvik clothes. White cotton clothes are appropriate for children. The state of the children is stable. In such a state, dressing the children in white cotton clothes that indicate predominance of nirgun principle is better. Due to these clothes the child gets the Chaitanya from the environment and the seed of sanskar is sowed in him/her. Through the washed white cotton clothes, the child imbibes divine virtues. There is a risk of the child being distressed by negative energies from the bright coloured clothes and those made from synthetic yarn.

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Why is Ganesh idol made of clay only scientific?

Content
1. Making an idol from china clay or mud
1.1 Spiritual experiences of idol makers when making idols of mud or clay
2. Sculpting an idol is superior to using a mould
3. Idols should not be huge
4. Form of the idol should be according to the science behind the idol
4.1 Idols of Lord Ganesh should not have weird forms and attires
4.2 Losses incurred when the Ganesh idol is worshipped in a form other than that is to be worshipped.
4.3 Idol should be a seated one, not standing
4.4 Idol makers should refuse to make idols not in consonance with science
5. Colour of the idol
6. Necessity of observing religious restrictions when making an idol
7. Making idols considering it to be a holy mission
8. The idol should have a religious background
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Ganesh idol made of clay

Anything which is in consonance with the scriptures proves to be ideal and beneficial. According to this rule, if the idol of Lord Ganesh is sculpted as per the science behind the idol then the pure spiritual particles of Lord Ganesh get attracted towards the idol to a greater extent and those worshipping it are benefited. Unfortunately today, idols are worshipped in various forms and shapes based on one’s liking and imagination without taking into account the science behind the idol. During the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi, the Ganesh idol is worshipped on a large scale both, individually and in a collective manner. The non-conformity of the idols is conspicuous at this time. It is for this reason that it is discussed in depth as to how the Ganesh idol should be sculpted for Ganesh Chaturthi, the benefits of doing so and the loss if not made in that manner.

1. Making an idol from china clay or mud

Ganesh idol made of Plaster

One should prepare the Ganesh idol from china clay or mud. Nowadays, idols are made from plaster of Paris so that they become light weight and more attractive. There is a difference between idols made from mud and plaster of Paris. There are references in the Purans (mythological texts) that Ganapati was created from grime. Hence it is appropriate to use a Ganesh idol made of mud for ritualistic worship. The pure spiritual particles (pavitraks) of Ganapati get attracted to a greater extent towards an idol made of mud than to that made of plaster of Paris. The following points shall illustrate how it is improper as well as harmful to make idols from plaster of Paris or from substances other than china clay.

Plaster of Paris does not dissolve easily in water and hence the idol floats on water after immersion. Sometimes in cities, the remains of idols which have not dissolved in water for a long period are collected and a bulldozer is run over them to convert them into mud. This amounts to extreme denigration of the deity. The deity should be offered the same reverence when immersing it as when it is invoked. Since the idol is not immersed properly, in a way it amounts to dishonouring the deity. It is beneficial if a hole is kept at a specific point on the rear side of the plaster of Paris idol so that during immersion it gets properly immersed in water within minimal time and dissolves completely.

Mixing of the plaster of Paris in water pollutes the river, sea, lake, etc. and can have an adverse effect on the health of living beings.

Nowadays a wrong trend has set in whereby idols are even made from coconuts, bananas, betulnut, silver, coins, etc. Some of these objects do not dissolve in water after immersion of the idol. The remains of such idols are used for other purposes or as toys by children.

1.1 Spiritual experiences of idol makers when making idols of mud or clay

Many idol makers get the spiritual experience of the God principle when making idols of mud rather than of plaster of Paris. The spiritual experience of an idol maker is given here as an example.

‘I made idols of plaster of Paris as well as clay for the Ganesh festival. I experienced immense Bliss (Anand) when making idols of mud. So also my repetition (chanting) of the Name of my family deity (kuladevata) was occurring continuously. I did not experience this when making plaster of Paris idols.’ – Mr. Lakshman Ahoman Chavhan, P.O. Dhule, Maharashtra

2. Sculpting an idol is superior to using a mould

Nowadays, idol making houses have taken the form of a vocation to earn money rather than considering it to be a holy mission or art. The Ganesh idols are made using a mould so that they can be made available for sale faster, merely keeping a commercial angle. However as far as possible, a readymade mould should not be used. The reasons for this are as follows. When making the idol manually, idol makers get an excellent opportunity to exhibit their artistic skill and consequently they obtain satisfaction. Besides, sculpting the idol generates more spiritual emotion (bhav) in the sculptor and such an idol is more sattvik (sattva predominant). From a sculptor’s viewpoint, the amount of spiritual emotion generated when sculpting the idol is more important than making the idol artistic and attractive. Hence as far as possible idol makers should make idols manually. Sanatan’s perspective too is ‘Art for God realisation and not merely art for the sake of art or as business’.

3. Idols should not be huge

28 Feet Ganesh Idol

Since 1980, there has been a considerable increase in the number of huge idols used in the Ganesh festival celebrations. Prior to that, the idols were made upto a maximum height of 5 feet. Nowadays idols of 11, 21, 51 feet height are made. The possible losses which can be incurred due to huge idols are given below.

A. According to the scriptures, the height of the Ganesh idol should be limited. The idol should have a maximum height of 1.5 metres because an idol larger than that makes it difficult to perform ritualistic worship. The custom of keeping a small idol for ritualistic worship and a huge idol for exhibition is absolutely incorrect. Idols of deities cannot be objects of exhibition.

B. As sufficient clay is not available to make huge idols, sometimes the idols are made from dry leaves and grass with a coating of clay over it. How much divinity will be present in such an idol ?

C. When making huge idols, iron rods, bamboos, etc. are required to be inserted within them for support. It is improper to use such objects in the idols. Besides, if these idols surface above the water source after immersion, some people even break them and sell the iron rods and wooden plates found within.

D. It is very cumbersome and expensive to transport huge idols. Traffic congestion during transportation of these idols is a common phenomenon. There is also the risk of touching electric cables when transporting idols which are 51 feet high. At times, people even get injured while loading and downloading the huge idols from trucks.

E. Since transportation of huge idols is very slow, their arrival at the site of immersion is delayed. By then if there is high tide, one cannot go deep into the sea. By rule, the huge Ganesh idols should be taken into the sea for immersion before high tide, where the water is 10 to 15 feet deep. In reality however, the huge idols are immersed in water which is merely 6 to 7 feet deep. During immersion, the idols on trolleys are thrown into the water by fastening a rope around the neck of the idol. Thus the idol cracks and breaks down into several pieces. So also, sometimes the volunteers of the festival committees are so exhausted by singing and dancing in the procession that they are not prepared to immerse the idol in deep water. They partially immerse the idol in water, place it horizontally and leave.

F. The other idols and scenes kept along with the Ganesh idol should not be huge in size. When offering obeisance, one should touch the feet of the deity by which one can derive greater benefit of the energy emitted by the deity. This is not possible in the case of huge idols. It would be worth knowing the experience of a devotee of Lord Ganesh who insisted on having a huge idol. At Colval in Goa, a devotee obstinately made an idol which was the biggest in the entire village. He had to break the door of his house to take the idol inside and till today that door cannot be fitted properly ! The government itself should enact a law to check the production of huge idols. If those making huge idols and Ganesh festival committees are fined heavily then it will curb this practice.

4. Form of the idol should be according to the science behind the idol

The form of the idol should be such that devotion (bhakti) and spiritual emotion (bhav) towards the deity should be awakened instantly on seeing it. The Ganesh idol should be made according to the science behind the idol. The trunk of the idol should be curved towards the left. Importance of the idol with a left-sided trunk is elucidated in other article.

4.1 Idols of Lord Ganesh should not have weird forms and attires

Nowadays, the custom of making idols of Lord Ganesh in varied forms and attires has become prevalent, e.g. Lord Ganesh attired in a loin cloth, resembling Lord Krushna adorning a peacock feather on the head, resembling Lord Dattatraya, attired as a child, etc. are seen. During the period of the freedom struggle, Ganesh idols would be made in the form of Gandhiji or Nehru on public demand. Similarly, idols resembling King Shivaji Maharaj or a saint are made today also. Idols of Ganapati playing cricket or football, riding a motorcycle, etc. are also made. A Ganesh festival committee in Kalyan near Mumbai had made a Ganesh idol from medical equipment, a syringe to depict the trunk, kidney trays were used for the ears, a bottle for the crown, gloves for the hands and capsules for eyes. An unnecessary and futile effort merely to combine imagination and modern lifestyle is seen when making such idols. This is totally erroneous because Lord Ganapati cannot be compared to a leader, soldier, sportsman, etc. The Ganesh idol is humanised to gain cheap popularity and publicity. There is a difference between saints and deities; hence idols should not be made in the form of saints too. In 1950, the Maharashtra government had imposed a ban on the variation in attires of Ganesh idols and their humanisation. However in the course of time, these rules were relaxed. Idols in varied forms and attires adversely affect the faith (shraddha) and spiritual emotion (bhav) harboured by people towards the deity. So also, depicting the deity in such weird forms amounts to disrespect for the deity. According to the science of Spirituality, each deity is a specific principle. According to the doctrine that the word, touch, form, taste, fragrance and the energy associated with them coexist, only if the idol is made in accordance with the science behind the idol, is the principle of the respective deity drawn towards it. If this doctrine is not followed when making the idol then that principle is not imbibed in that idol. Consequently, the devotee does not benefit from that idol from the view point of Spirituality.

4.2 Losses incurred when the Ganesh idol is worshipped in a different form rather than that which is usually worshipped

Some such examples are given below.

Once a devotee of Lord Ganesh installed an idol of Lord Ganesh slaying demon Sindurasur, in his house. Since that day, the atmosphere in his home was ruined.

Once a person gave a picture of Lord Ganapati seated on a snail to Mr. Gajanan Salgaonkar, an idol maker from Bardez in Goa to have a similar idol made. Paying no heed to the refusal by the idol maker, he got such an idol made from him merely out of obstinancy. Later that individual incurred tremendous loss.

Some years ago, a member of a Ganesh festival committee from Miraj bought a new Bullet motorcycle. During Ganesh Chaturthi, he installed a Ganesh idol on his motor cycle depicting, ‘Ganapati riding a Bullet’. Within a few days of the immersion of the idol, that individual had a fall from that very motorcycle and sustained injuries.

An individual insisted on having an idol of Ganapati riding a tiger and got it made. Thereafter, within a year all his cattle were killed by a tiger.

4.3. Idol should be a seated one, not standing

If a guest pays a visit, we offer him a seat and not keep him standing. During Ganesh Chaturthi, we invoke Lord Ganapati, that is invite Him. One should offer Him a seat and proper hospitality. Harbouring the spiritual emotion (bhav) that Lord Ganapati has actually come to visit us. Besides due to the entire weight of the idol resting on the feet, the idol may even break if it is kept in the standing position for ten consecutive days. Hence one should make an idol which is seated on a wooden seat (pat).

4.4 Idol makers should refuse to make idols not in consonance with science

Refusal by the idol makers to make idols which are not in consonance with the science behind the idol shows their committment to Righteousness (Dharma) and their dutifulness. If idol makers emphatically refuse to make such idols, such idols will not be made at all. It is now necessary that idol makers themselves take the initiative to eliminate the ignorance of the society and the Ganesh festival committees about the science behind the idol. They should not worry about losing customers and starvation because if we make a sacrifice for the sake of Righteousness then God will certainly take care of us. Sanatan launches a widespread campaign so that the idol makers understand the science behind the idol and make idols in accordance with it. Once this awareness is created in idol makers, it will not be long before people too realise it.

5. Colour of the idol

An idol made with natural colour looks more appealing and imparts more Bliss (Anand) than one made with artificial red colour.

6. Necessity of observing religious restrictions when making an idol

According to the scriptures, prior to the commencement of making Ganesh idols, it is necessary to perform religious rituals such as ritualistic worship (puja), etc. It is vital that the idol maker observes all the religious restrictions in the idol making house when making the idol. The idol maker should observe restrictions such as abstaining from eating meat, not wearing foot wear, not allowing women having menses in the room where the idols are made, etc.

7. Making idols considering it to be a holy mission

The idol maker should harbour the spiritual emotion (bhav) that it is not he who is making the idol rather it is The Lord Himself who is getting it done through him. He should repose faith that making idols is not a vocation but a holy mission. When an idol is made with this faith and with repeatition (chanting) of The Lord’s Name along with observance of all the restrictions given above, it becomes more sattvik (sattva predominant).

‘Since I made the idols considering it to be a holy mission, I always got all my promotions in service at the time of Ganesh Chaturthi itself. Although there are numerous obstacles yet by the time the idols of Lord Ganesh are to be made, they get resolved and by the grace of Lord Ganesh who eliminates obstacles, only auspicious events take place during this period.’

8. The idol should have a religious background

Many a time, scenes related to politics, the Kargil war, etc. are erected around the idol. Such raja-tama items erected merely for public entertainment and cheap popularity adversely affect the overall sattvik atmosphere there. If at all any scenes are to be displayed in front of or behind the idol of Lord Ganesh or other idols are to be kept there then they should be associated with Lord Ganapati. This helps to generate spiritual emotion (bhav) in the devotees.

What are the different variations of Ganesh idol?

1. Usual Idol

The science behind the idol of Lord Ganesh is given in the ‘Shriganapatyatharvashirsha’ as ‘Ekadantam, Chaturhas­tam ….(एकदन्तं चतुर्हस्तं०)’, meaning one who has only one tooth (ekadanta), four hands (chaturbhuj), adorns a noose (pash) and a goad (ankush), holds a (broken) tooth in one hand and holds the other hand in a posture bestowing blessings (varadmudra), whose flag bears the symbol of a mouse, who has a red complexion, a large abdomen (lambodar), whose ears are like sifting pans, who adorns red clothes, whose body is smeared with a paste of red sandalwood (raktachandan) and who is worshipped with red flowers.

2. Some Variations

1. Mudra : Sometimes one comes across Ganapati idols in the lotus posture (padmasan) or at times even in the dancing posture (nrutyamudra).

2. Mundkata Ganesh : There is a beheaded (Mundkata) Ganesh idol in the Himalaya. The name itself suggests that this idol is without a head. It is said that this is the idol of the son who was created by deity Parvati from the coating of sebum on Her body and who was later be­headed by Lord Shankar.

3. Other complexions : Haridraganapati and the Urdhvaganapa­ti have a yellow complexion. The Pingalganapati is tawny (pingat) while the Lakshmiganapati is white in complexion.

4. Divine phallus (linga) : Just like the divine phallus of Lord Shiva, that of Ganapati too exists. It is called Ganpatyalinga. It is shaped like a pomegranate, lemon, white gourd or jamun.

5. Nude : In the Tantra path of worship, the Ganesh idol is mostly nude. The Energy (Shakti) of Ganesh too accompanies the idol.

7.  Types of Ganapati idols: There are several types of Ganapati idols like the Saumyaganapati, Balganapati, Herambganapati, Lakshmiganapati, Haridraganapati, Uchchishtaganapati, Suryaganapati, Varadganapati, Dvibhujganapati, Dashbhujganapati, Nartanganapati, Uttishthitganapati, Ganapati with the trunk curved towards the right, etc.

6. Feminine form : ‘In the Shakta sect, Lord Ganesh is worshipped in the feminine form. Some such examples are given below.

A. Ganeshvari : An extremely attractive sculpted idol of Ganeshvari is found in the Suchindram temple in Tamilnadu.

B. Ardha Ganeshvari : It has a highly meaningful form in the Tantra path of spiritual practice.

C. Ganeshani : This female deity is found in an extremely rare form of worship performed by tantriks and mantriks (followers of the Path of Tantra and Mantra).’

1. Usual Idol

The science behind the idol of Lord Ganesh is given in the ‘Shriganapatyatharvashirsha’ as ‘Ekadantam, Chaturhas­tam ….(एकदन्तं चतुर्हस्तं०)’, meaning one who has only one tooth (ekadanta), four hands (chaturbhuj), adorns a noose (pash) and a goad (ankush), holds a (broken) tooth in one hand and holds the other hand in a posture bestowing blessings (varadmudra), whose flag bears the symbol of a mouse, who has a red complexion, a large abdomen (lambodar), whose ears are like sifting pans, who adorns red clothes, whose body is smeared with a paste of red sandalwood (raktachandan) and who is worshipped with red flowers.

2. Some Variations

1. Mudra : Sometimes one comes across Ganapati idols in the lotus posture (padmasan) or at times even in the dancing posture (nrutyamudra).

2. Mundkata Ganesh : There is a beheaded (Mundkata) Ganesh idol in the Himalaya. The name itself suggests that this idol is without a head. It is said that this is the idol of the son who was created by deity Parvati from the coating of sebum on Her body and who was later be­headed by Lord Shankar.

3. Other complexions : Haridraganapati and the Urdhvaganapa­ti have a yellow complexion. The Pingalganapati is tawny (pingat) while the Lakshmiganapati is white in complexion.

4. Divine phallus (linga) : Just like the divine phallus of Lord Shiva, that of Ganapati too exists. It is called Ganpatyalinga. It is shaped like a pomegranate, lemon, white gourd or jamun.

5. Nude : In the Tantra path of worship, the Ganesh idol is mostly nude. The Energy (Shakti) of Ganesh too accompanies the idol.

6. Feminine form : ‘In the Shakta sect, Lord Ganesh is worshipped in the feminine form. Some such examples are given below.

A. Ganeshvari : An extremely attractive sculpted idol of Ganeshvari is found in the Suchindram temple in Tamilnadu.

B. Ardha Ganeshvari : It has a highly meaningful form in the Tantra path of spiritual practice.

C. Ganeshani : This female deity is found in an extremely rare form of worship performed by tantriks and mantriks (followers of the Path of Tantra and Mantra).’

7.  Types of Ganapati idol There are several types of Ganapati idols like the Saumyaganapati, Balganapati, Herambganapati, Lakshmiganapati, Haridraganapati, Uchchishtaganapati, Suryaganapati, Varadganapati, Dvibhujganapati, Dashbhujganapati, Nartanganapati, Uttishthitganapati, Ganapati with the trunk curved towards the right, etc.

Why is Ganapati with the right Sided trunk not commonly worshipped?

1. Entire idol: Omkar, the unmanifest (nirgun) principle

2. Trunk: It is a popular belief that an idol with the tip of the trunk pointing towards the right and left are called right-sided and left-sided idols respectively; however this is not the case. One should not decide whether the idol is right-sided or left-sided depending upon which side the trunk is directed. It should be decided depending on the direction in which the initial curve of the trunk points. If the initial curve of the trunk in a Ganesh idol points towards the right and the tip of the trunk points towards the left yet the idol should be considered a rightsided idol. The reason for this is that, the initial curve of the trunk pointing towards the right indicates that the right (that is Sun) channel (nadi) of Ganapati is active.

Right Sided Trunk Ganapati

2.1 Right-sided trunk: An idol of Ganapati with the trunk curved towards the right is called dakshinmurti or dakshi­nabhimukhi murti (the idol facing the south). Dakshin means the southern direction or the right side. The southern direction leads to the region of Lord Yama (Yamalok), the deity of death while the right side belongs to the Surya nadi (Sun channel). One who is able to face the direction of the region of Yama is powerful. So also, one with an activated Surya nadi is also radiant. Thus in both senses, the Ganapati idol with the trunk curved towards the right is said to be ‘active (jagrut)’.

One feels repulsed by the south direction because it is in that direction that scrutiny of one’s sins and merits is carried out after death, in the region of Lord Yama. Scrutiny akin to that done in the south after death, begins when alive if one faces the south or sleeps with the legs directed towards the south. The dakshinabhimukhi idol is not worshipped ritualistically in the usual manner because tiryak (raja) frequencies are emitted from the south. The ritualistic worship of this idol is performed by observing all the norms of ritualistic worship meticulously. Consequently the sattva component is augmented and one is not distressed by the raja frequencies coming from the south.

Left Sided Trunk Ganapati

2.2 Left-sided trunk: An idol of Ganapati with the trunk curved towards the left is called Vamamukhi. Vam means the northern direction or the left side. The Chandra nadi (Moon channel) is situated to the left. It bestows tranquility. Besides, since the northern direction is spiritually favourable and bestows Bliss (Anand), mostly the Vamamukhi Ganapati is worshipped. It is worshipped ritualistically in the usual manner.

3. Modak (a sweet delicacy)

3.1 ‘Moda’ means Bliss (Anand) and ‘ka’ means a small part. So, modak is a small part of Bliss. A modak is shaped like a coconut, that is it is like the cavity ‘kha’ in the Brahmarandhra. When the kundalini (spiritual energy) reaches the ‘kha’ cavity, the spiritual experience of Bliss is obtained. The modak held in the hand signifies Bliss endowing energy.

3.2 ‘The modak symbolises spiritual knowledge (dnyan): hence it is also called dnyanmodak. Initially it seems that spiritual knowledge is little (the tip of the modak represents this); but as one starts studying Spirituality, one realises its vastness (the base of the modak symbolises this.) A modak is sweet in taste. The Bliss acquired through spiritual knowledge too is like that.’

4. Goad (ankush) : Destroyer of the energies which are harmful to the mission of acquisition of spiritual knowledge and Bliss.

5. Noose (pash): Worldly bondage. The noose wielded by Ganapati signifies that He will tie the noose around negative entities and take them away.

6. Serpent wound around the waist: The universal kundalini (spiritual energy)

7. Hood of the serpent: Activated (jagrut) spiritual energy

8. Rat: The rat which represents the raja component is within the control of Ganapati.

What are the incarnations of Lord Ganesh in each yug?

Contents
1. Incarnations
1.1 Mahotkat Vinayak
1.2 Gunesh
1.3 Ganesh
1.4 Dhumraketu
2. Ganapati and others
2.1 Shiva and Ganapati
2.2 Hanuman and Ganapati
2.3 Omkar (ॐ) and Ganapati
2.4 Kundalini (spiritual energy) and Ganapati
3. Pervasiveness

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1. Incarnations

1.1 Mahotkat Vinayak

He was born to Sage Kashyap and Aditi in the Krut era (yug). In this incarnation, He reinstated Righteousness (Dharma) by slaying the two demons, Devantak and Narantak and then ended this incarnation.

1.2 Gunesh

In the Tretayug, Ganapati was born to Uma on the fourth day (chaturthi) of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month of Bhadrapad as Gunesh. In this incarnation, He slew the demon Sindhu and married Siddhi and Buddhi, the daughters of Lord Brahma.

1.3 Ganesh

In the Dvaparyug, once again He was born to Parvati as Ganesh. Since He was ugly by birth, Parvati deserted Him in the forest and He was brought up by Sage Parashar. Ganesh then slew the demon Sindurasur and set free several kings and valorous men whom he had imprisoned. It is in this incarnation that Ganesh preached the eternal philosophy in the form of Ganeshgita to His devotee named Varenya.

1.4 Dhumraketu

Dhumravarna Ganesh Idol

According to the Bhavishya Puran, the fourth incarnation of Ganesh by name Dhumraketu or Dhumravarna will take birth in the Kaliyug and destroy the evildoers.

2 Ganapati and others

2.1 Shiva and Ganapati

Though currently it is believed that Ganapati belongs to the family of Lord Shiva and is His son, yet according to one school of thought, Shiva and Ganesh were formerly one and the same, that is Shiva was Ganesh and Ganesh was Shiva. In Shriganapati Atharvashirsha,Ganesh is referred to as, “त्वं ब्रह्मा त्वं विष्णु: त्वं रुद्र:।” meaning “You are Brahma, Vishnu and Rudra as well”.

The similarities and prowess of Ganesh and Shiva are so outstanding that they can be easily perceived. The three special characteristics of Shiva, that is adorning the moon on the head, the third eye and embellishment with serpents are also seen in the idol of Ganesh. Ganesh is also named Bhalachandra, the one who adorns the moon on the head. He is also referred to as ‘Trinetra (one with three eyes)’ in the ‘Gajavadanamchintyam’, the holy verse of meditation on Ganesh. Ganesh too has a girdle of a serpent around His waist. A legend says that Lord Shankar wore ornaments of the Sun and adorned the moon on His head in order to cool down the intolerable heat generated after consuming poison. One comes across a similar story about Ganesh, in the Ganesh Puran. When the demon Analasur was destroying the world assuming the form of fire, Ganesh swallowed him. The deities then used cooling measures such as serpents, the moon, etc. to cool down the heat generated in Him.

2.2 Hanuman and Ganapati

Both of them have a red complexion and the eight great supernatural powers (ashtamahasiddhi). In the worship of Hanuman, flowers of the milkweed (rui) are offered while in that of Ganapati, leaves of the coral (mandar) tree are offered.

2.3 Omkar (ॐ)and Ganapati

If the Omkar is considered as the bijakshar from the Tantra path in the pre-Aryan times then it is but natural that Ganapati who is originally the deity of the tantriks should be endowed with the label of Omkar. One does not come across the Omkar anywhere in the Vedas. Rather, since the Vedic Aryans did not give much importance to the Omkar, naturally not even a single aphorism (sukta)or verse (rucha) on it was written in the Vedas. This implies that the Omkar was the bijakshar of the path of Tantra in the pre-Aryan era. Later, however the Aryans had to accept several spiritual tenets from the non-Aryans. It was possibly around that time that the bijakshar Omkar acquired acclaim as the pranav worship and consequently, in the later period Ganapati who was considered to be the origin of the entire animate and inanimate creation came to be associated with the origin of all the words, that is Omkar.

‘When speaking about the philosophy of creation of the universe it is said, “Creation began with the sound Om (ॐ इतिध्वनिरभूत्)”. The manifest form of this sound is described as “savai Gajakaraha (सवै गजाकरः । )”, that is the sound Omkar is like the face of an elephant. Thus initially a sound was generated and that was Om. If viewed vertically, one will realise that the Omkar appears like the countenance of Ganapati. In short, Om and Ganapati are one and the same. Hence worship of Omkar is equivalent to that of Ganapati. At the time of creation of the universe, the two words Om and atha were emitted from the throat of Lord Brahma.

ओंकारश्चाथशब्दश्च द्वावेतौ ब्रह्मणः पुरा ।
कंठं भित्वा विनिर्यातौ तस्मान्मांगलिकावुभौ ॥

Hence these two words are said to be auspicious. Omkar is the very nature of Ganapati.’

2.4 Kundalini (spiritual energy) and Ganapati


In the Ganapati Atharvashirsha, Lord Ganesh has been described by the sage as ‘मूलाधारस्थितथिसो नित्यं’, meaning ‘You dwell perpetually at the site of the Muladhar chakra in the body’. Lord Ganesh is considered to be the deity of the Muladhar chakra (a centre of the spiritual energy system). The Muladhar chakra and the lotus within it are both red in colour. Ganapati’s complexion too is red. The Muladhar chakra being the first of the six chakras, spiritual progress starts only after its activation. Similarly before commencing any task, Lord Ganapati is worshipped.

3 Pervasiveness

1. The moon symbolises the head.
2. The earth symbolises the abdomen.
3. The seven nether worlds (saptapatal) symbolise the legs.