Why is ghee lamp preferred to oil lamp during puja ritual?


Namaskar! We heartily welcome you all for this Satsang (spiritual meet)! Before we commence this Satsang let us pay obeisance at the Holy feet of Sadguru (spiritual master) so that by His grace the very objective of this Satsang is fulfilled. Please pay mental obeisance to your personal icon of faith and recite as follows:

गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्‍णु गुरुर्देवो महेश्‍वर: ।
गुरु साक्षात्‌ परब्रह्म तस्‍मै श्री गुरवे नम: ।।

Worship of a deity is a subject of faith for all of us. We build a temple room in our house and decorate it well. We also keep the images or idols of the deities we like and perform daily puja (ritualistic worship).We purchase the articles of puja according to our capacity. We are also quite familiar with such articles like kalash (a water vessel generally of metal), shankh(conch ), a copper plate, a copper vessel, a small spoon, a lamp etc. Every article of puja has its own significance. Let us understand the significance of an important article of puja that is lamp.

1. Importance of lamp in Hindu Dharma

The lamp has its own special place in Sanatan Vaidik Hindu Dharma. It is a form and a symbol of Tej (Absolute fire principle). The lamp is invoked as, ‘तमसो मा ज्‍योतिर्गमय ।’ meaning the lamp leads us from darkness towards light. It burns only to give message of peace and light to the man. This is its greatness. In this Satsang we shall try to understand what the scriptures have to say about the lamp. Amongst the articles of puja the lamp is an important article. The following mantra which is recited during the ritual of puja explains its significance.

भोदीपब्रह्मरूपस्‍त्‍वं ज्‍योतिषांप्रभुरव्‍यय: ।।
आरोग्‍यंदेहिपुत्रांश्‍चमत:शांतिं प्रयच्छमे ।।

Meaning: O Deity of lamp, you are of the form of Bramhan (the absolute truth). You are full of radiance. You never wither. Please bestow me health and good progeny and please fulfill my wishes.

2. Characteristics of oil and ghee lamps

Agni Puran clearly states that only oil or Ghee (clarified butter) be used in the lamp meant for puja and no other combustible substance. According to the Science of spirituality the lamp with clarified butter is more sattvik (spiritually pure) as compared to lamp in which oil is used. This is an important aspect which we will try to understand in details. So let us see the difference between the the lamp in which Ghee is used and the one with oil.

Generally the use of oil is more prevalent than that of Ghee. The oil containing lamp kindles longer while the ghee containing lamp kindles for a short period. Now let us see the difference from the spiritual view point.

  • Ghee lamp has more capacity to attract the sattvik vibrations present in the surrounding atmosphere as compared to oil lamp.
  • The oil lamp can attract the sattvik vibrations spread over a maximum distance of 1 meter while the ghee lamp can attract sattvik vibrations spread over till Swarga Lok (heaven)* When the oil or ghee gets exhausted or the lamp stops burning for some other reason then both the oil and ghee lamps are affected at spiritual level to some extent.
  • When the oil lamp stops burning the predominance of raja particles in the atmosphere is enhanced and lasts for half an hour. On the other hand when the ghee lamp stops burning the impact of sattvikta (the quality of being sattvik) on the atmosphere is experienced even after four hours.

Now let us see the characteristics of kindled lamps containing oil and ghee from spiritual angle with the help of a subtle drawing. Here we have to take into consideration the fact that while the vibrations of a subtle drawing are three dimensional we see them in the subtle drawing in a two dimensional form. For example the sphere will appear as a circle. Now let us look at the subtle drawing:

Subtle drawing of oil lamp

The yellow coloured circles seen in this drawing emit divine consciousness (chaitanya) in the atmosphere. The red coloured circles are of radiant energy. The burning flame is emitting frequencies full of Tej tattva (absolute fire principle) in the atmosphere. The red particles which you see here are the emitted particles of energy. So you have seen in this drawing how a oil lamp emits energy in the atmosphere. Now let us observe the subtle drawing of ghee lamp. The blue colour just besides the flame is indicative of spiritual emotion (bhav). The yellow circles which you see here are of chaitanya in the form of Tej tattva projecting in the atmosphere. You can also see the red particles and rays consisting of energy projecting into atmosphere.

Subtle drawing of ghee lamp

2.1 Effect on the worshipper as per Kundalini Yog

Now let us see the effect of both types of lamp on the worshipper.

  • The oil lamp generates a subtle armour of inferior quality around the worshipper while ghee lamp generates a subtle armour of superior quality.
  • The subtle frequencies emitted from the oil lamp activate the Mind-energy (Manashakti) of the worshipper whereas the subtle frequencies emanating from the ghee lamp activates soul energy of the worshipper.

According to yogic path of Kundalini Yog there are seven principle chakras or energy centers in the human being. These chakras influence practically every aspect of human being including physical body, mind and intellect. The oil lamp is effective in purification of Muladhar and Swadhishthan Chakra only to certain extent but the ghee lamp purifies Manipur and  Anahat chakras to a significant  extent.

Just as there are seven chakras in the human body, there are paths for the flow of vital energy (chetana). These are called as Nadis or channels. The three principle nadis are Chandra nadi (Moon channel), Surya nadi (Sun channel) and Sushumna nadi.When Chandra nadi is active the person perceives coolness. The activation of Surya nadi imparts energy to the person. The Sushumna nadi is activated when the person starts progressing spiritually. The oil lamp activates the Surya nadi of the person while ghee lamp activates only that nadi which is essential to the worshipper in a particular action.

2.2 Effect on the subtle sheaths of the worshipper

According to the science of spirituality the body which is visible to our eyes is called Annamaya Kosha or food sheath. Besides this there are four other Koshas namely Pranmaya Kosha or vital air sheath, Manomaya Kosha or the mental sheath, Vidnyanmaya Kosha or sheath of intellect and Anandmaya Kosha or bliss sheath. The Pranmaya kosha  is a seat for the Pancha pranas (five vital air elements) which provides energy to the gross body. The second Manomaya kosha is the seat of emotions. The third Vidnyanmaya Kosha is the seat of intellect and the fourth Anandamaya Kosha is the seat of Soul which is of the nature of existence, consciousness and bliss (satchidananda). Even these subtle sheaths or koshas are affected by the oil or ghee lamps. The oil lamp imparts power to the raja paricles in the Pranamaya kosha which makes the individual rstless. The ghee lamp strengthens the sattva particles of Pranamaya kosha and Manomaya Kosha and as a result of this the jiva (individual, embodied soul) becomes peaceful,stable and happy.

2.3 Spiritual experience imparted by oil and ghee lamps

Now let us compare the spiritual experiences obtained due to oil and ghee lamps. But before that let us understand what we mean by Spiritual experience or Anubhuti. We are used to appreciate this world through  the media of five sense organs namely nose, ears, eyes, tongue, skin , mind and intellect. This is known as experience. But when we experience something without the participation of all these then it is known as spiritual experience. Now let us compare the spiritual experiences obtained due to oil and ghee lamps. The oil lamp gives us spiritual experience of Pruthvi tattva (absolute earth element) and Aap tattva (absolute water element). For example if we get an experience of fragrance without the actual presence of an object which can impart such fragrance then it is a spiritual experience of Subtle fragrance or gandha. The fragrance is related to Pruthvi tattva. The example of spiritual experience of Aap tattva is dwelling sweet taste in the mouth.

When we see subtle light or vision of a deity then it is an example of spiritual experience related to Tej tattva or absolute fire element. When we experience a feeling of touch without any external reason  then it is a spiritual experience related to Vayu tattva or absolute air element. The ghee lamp gives spiritual experience of Tej tatva and Vayu tattva to the worshipper.

2.4 Why only ghee prepared from cow’s milk should be used?

Generally any oil lamp emits frequencies consisting of raja particles but the sesame oil emits some sattva frequencies also. Therefore the lamp with sesame oil is comparatively more sattvik. However the ghee lamp emits the sattvik frequencies in  maximum amount compared to any oil lamp. Here we have to remember one thing that it is useful use ghee prepared only from the cow’s milk in the lamp lit in front of Deity. This is because in such ghee the Deites’ principles are already existent. Such a ghee which is dominant in sattva component emits luminous figures in the atmosphere. Such luminous figures are forms of Tej tattva or absolute fire element. Thus even though the use of ghee is recommended because of its capacity to emit maximum sattva frequencies, we can use sesame oil lamp if the use of ghee is not possible because of financial restraints or otherwise.

2.5 Points to be considered while using a lamp

Now let us see the points to be noted while actually using a lamp.

  • Do not kindle an oil lamp with a ghee lamp and vice versa
  • Do not kindle one lamp with another similar lamp. For example if there are two niranjans (a type of lamp) in an arti platter then do not light one niranjan with another niranjan. Similarly do not light one pillar of lamps with another.
  • Sometimes while performing puja we unknowingly touch the lamp. We should immediately wash our hands then. This is because when we worship a deity the sattva component of the lamp increases. When we touch the lamp the raja-tama particles from our body enter the lamp by way of touch. This reduces the purity of the lamp. The water has the property of encompassing everything. Anything which is offered to a deity through the medium of water reaches Him/Her faster. When we wash our hands we are one way dissolving our sins in the water. The spiritual practice of water is to assimilate in itself sins done by all. The extremely merciful Deities absolve us from our defects when we offer them at their feet through the medium of water.

3. Should electric bulbs be used instead of ghee lamps?

Now a days we see electric bulbs in use during the puja ritual instead of ghee lamp. What is the difference between two from the point of view of Spiritual science?

Some people may be finding it funny to worship a lamp of oil or ghee when the modern scientific era has offered us so much glitter by way of electrical bulbs. But our ancestors have given priority to the worship of lamp after profound experience and through the attitude of gratitude. Let us now compare the electrical bulb and the lamp with ghee. The light emitted from the electrical bulb blinds our eyes while the gentle flame of ghee lamp reminds us of Atma-Jyoti or flame of soul. The electrical bulb makes us extroverted and then the mind runs towards external objects. The ghee lamp makes us to look inwards. Thus we have seen the difference between the electrical bulb and ghee lamp. Now let us see the subtle drawing of an electrical bulb.

Subtle drawing of electrical  bulb

We can see here that via the medium of electrical current black frequencies are entering into the electrical bulb. These then activate frequencies dominant in tama component. The electrical bulb emits circles of tama component. In addition we can see that colliding black particles are emitted in the atmosphere.

4. Five wicks and single wick lamp

There are other varieties of the lamps also such as lamp with a single wick and lamp called niranjan wherein five wicks are used. The Niranjan with five wicks is symbolic of duality that is the manifest energy of a deity, whereas the lamp with a single wick attracts sattvik frequencies the lamp with five wicks attracts waves with destroyer property and dominant in raja component. The niranjan with five wicks denotes the relation of Panchpran (five vital air principles) with the Atmajyoti (flame of soul). Niranjan is used for waving Pancharati. Every  single flame of niranjan is symbolic of Atmajyoti. Pancharti means invocation of God with the help of panchparanas.While performing Pancharti we should have such a spiritual emotion that the Atmajyoti is kindled in me with the help of five panchaprans present in the body and I am performing the arti with such flame.

5. Why should a straight wick be used as compared to puffed up wick?

Now let us understand about straight wick and wick with one end puffed up (fulwat). During puja ritual a lamp is offered at various steps of the ritual according to purpose. For example performance of arti. Two types of wicks are used in the lamp namely Puffed wick and straight wick. Nowadays a puffed wick is used in a ghee lamp or niranjan and used as lamp of worship. The wick is puffedup from below to offer it stability to stand in the center of niranjan. The puffed wick is used in a ghee lamp. This type of wick is relatively of recent origin.The second type of wick which we all are familiar with is straight wick. Two straight wicks are joined together like a thread and used in a lamp. Not only there is difference between the two on a gross form but also on spiritual level.

  • The lower portion of the fulwat is puffed up while the straight wick is whole like a thread.
  • The fulwat is representative of various raja thoughts in the mind while straight wick is symbolic of detachment and also represents the thread which joins Panchaprans with Atamjyoti.
  • When a fulwat is kindled the inferior deities are attracted to it while the straight wick when kindled attracts principles of higher deities.
  • The frequencies emitted by the fulwat are of circular form while those emitted by straight wick are in the form of waves.
  • The colour of the divine consciousness emitted by the fulwat is redish yellow while that emitted by straight wick is of yellow colour.
  • Sattvik earth frequencies get attracted towards fulwat while more sattvik frequencies moving in the upward direction are attracted towards straight wick.
  • The atmospheric frequencies get momentum due to fulwat while their momentum is slowed down by the use of straight wick.
  • An armour of Pruthvi (absolute earth element) and Aap tattva (absolute water element) is generated around the worshipper by use of fulwat while straight wick generates an armour of Tej tatva (absolute fire element) around the worshipper.

According to science of spirituality Tej tattva is more powerful than either Pruthvi tatva or Aap tattva. As a result the use of fulwat imparts heaviness to the physical body while the use of straight imparts cheerfulness to mind.

Thus we have seen the difference between the fulwat and straight wick and also why it is important to use straight wick.



Why are mango leaves kept in the kalash during puja ritual?


Namaskar! We heartily welcome you all for this Satsang (spiritual meet)! Before we commence this Satsang let us pay obeisance at the Holy feet of Sadguru (spiritual master) so that by His grace the very objective of this Satsang is fulfilled. Please pay mental obeisance to your personal icon of faith and recite as follows:

गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्‍णु गुरुर्देवो महेश्‍वर: ।
गुरु साक्षात्‌ परब्रह्म तस्‍मै श्री गुरवे नम: ।।

1. Ritualistic worship

Every religious ritual of Hindu Dharma consists of various components. Every component has its own significance and these components have their own special design that is the shape, height and breadth of every component is fixed or unique. The reason underlying such a design is that the every component should be able to absorb the chaitanya (divine consciousness) present in the atmosphere. Besides the objective of spiritual science or scriptures is to make that component conducive and complimentary for the man to receive the divine consciousness.

When we see around with this point of view we find that people do perform puja and mental worship (upasana); they do have spacious temple rooms in their home but since their actions or rituals are not according to spiritual science due to ignorance, they do not get the desired benefit. Therefore in the case of worship, action at  every level starting from temple room has to be according to spiritual science. It is essential that our temple room be sattvik. As far as possible it should be made up of teakwood and its colour should be wooden. The orientation of temple room should be in east-west direction. There should be no Kalas (a small dome shaped structure with a pointed end) above it. We have to take into consideration all these factors.

2. Arrangement of deities in the temple room according to spiritual science

Every Hindu has his seat of faith. We do have idols and images of the deities in our temple room so that we remember our icon of faith constantly and thus firmly establish our seat of faith. However we do not get the expected benefit. That is because we do not know as to what is essential for us.

While observing this we have to take into consideration one more point and that is we should not do the arrangement of idols or images in a temple room according to our whims and fancies. We have to be aware of the fact that the arrangement should be correct from the point of spiritual science.

In some sects the deities are arranged in temple room in what is called Panchayatan form.The word Panchayatan consists of Panch which means five and Ayatan which means house. The five main deities considered here are Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesh, Devi and Sun deity. In this type of arrangement one of the five deities is considered as Chief deity and is offered a central seat and rest of the four deities are placed in four directions around it.

Arrangement of deities in the temple room

Now let us see what is essential for us from a spiritual perspective:
Many a times it so happens that we have many images of deities in our temple room but the images of family deity (Kuldevata) and Lord Ganesh are missing. If that is so then we have to set up images of family deity and Lord Ganesh with utmost devotion. If according to the family traditions we are also involved in the worship of such deities as BalKrushna, Lord Hanuman and Annapurna or such superior deities as Lord Shiva or Durgadevi, then we should keep their images too.

The language of human beings is in words which is a language of ‘sounds’ while the language of deities is of ‘light’. Lord Ganapati does the function of converting our language of sound into the deities’ language of light and vice versa; therefore it is essential to set up an image of Lord Ganapati in the temple room.

We all know that in the beginning of all functions religious or otherwise Lord Ganapati is invoked first and worshipped because he is destroyer of vighnas or obstacles. The other reason being through Him our prayers to the deities reach them faster.

2.1 Why should Lord Ganapati be kept in the centre?

Now let us see how the arrangement of deities in the temple room be. According to spiritual science the arrangement should be in the form of cone.

We have to keep the image or picture of Lord Ganapati in the centre. Then towards our right hand side the images of female deities such as Family Deity is kept. Then images of other deities like Annapurna, Durgamata are kept one behind the other. On our left we have to keep images of male deity that is male family deity. Then such images of  deities like Hanuman, Balkrushna etc. are arraned one behind the other.

Sometimes we may find that in an image male deity and female deity are together. For example Seeta-Ram, Lakshmi-Narayan etc. In a picture where the female deity is on the left side of male deity then it is assumed that she is giving blessings to her devotees along with her Lord. This is her savior form. In such a picture   the male deity is considered  the main deity and such a picture is kept to the right hand side of Lord Ganapati. In some pictures the female deity is shown on the right side of the male deity. This is her destroyer form. In such a picture the female deity is considered to be the main deity and is kept to the left of Lord Ganapati.

There are mainly two forms of a deity: Saviour and destroyer. The form which blesses the devotee is called Saviour or Tarak form . Such a deity is generally shown to be in blessing mudra (certain hand gestures) for example Devi  Mahalakshmi.

The form of Devi who kills the demon for example Mahishsur Mardini, who killed the demon Mahishasur is an example of destroyer form of Devi. We have to keep the picture of that form of deity in the temple room  in which we are going to worship Her or Him.

After knowing the science underlying the arrangement of deities in the temple room our viewers must have had some doubts in their minds. So let us see what are the answers to such doubts.

A. One of the doubts may be that whether it is correct to have number of deities in the temple room?

It is prudent to have a limited number of deities in the temple room. Here we have to remember that according to science of spirituality we need to come from many to one. One who is a disciple  that is who has already acquired a spiritual guide or Guru and is staying alone then he should keep only Guru’s photo or picture in the temple room.

According to the holy verse ‘Gurur Bramha Gurur Vishnu Gurur Devo Maheshwaraha | Guru Sakashat Parabramha tasmai Sri Gurave namaha |’ guru is everything and the only thing for a disciple. That is why he should keep only Guru’s photo or picture in the temple room.

B. If other family members have faith in any other deity  then what is to be done?

If Guru is a man then His picture or photo has to be kept on the immediate right side of Lord Ganapati and then the image of male family deity is to be kept besides it followed by other male deities as mentioned previously. When the Guru is female then Her picture or photo has to be kept on the immediate left side of Lord Ganapati and then the female family deity to her left followed by the pictures of other female deities as mentioned before.

So up till now we have understood about the arrangement of deities in a temple room according to spiritual science. We hope that you will be definitely doing the arrangement of deities in your temple room according to the spiritual science as described in this satsang so that you will be benefitted spiritually. By following such arrangement you will have spiritual experiences which are beyond mind and intellect.

3. Articles used in ritualistic worship

As we move next the important action is ritualistic worship of deities. In this age of strife called kaliyug the worship of the path of devotion is recommended. Each person following the path of devotion has an important part of worship and that is ritualistic worship of deities or puja. If ritualistic worship is done with spiritual emotion then we get more benefit of deity principles. In order to get the grace of the deities with the help of puja, the articles like platter of puja, lamp, bell and conch are the important  useful components.

Let us now see about the articles used in ritualistic worship of deities. They are the tools  used for the ritualistic worship of our adorable deity. There are subtle frequencies of deities  present in the atmosphere. The articles or tools of puja or rituialistic worship are an excellent medium of receiving and transferring them  to the worshipper. That is the importance of these tools from the spiritual science point of view.

We are quite familiar with various tools used in puja ritual such as kalash ( a copper pot), copper plate, spoon (achamani), a cylindrical copper vessel (panchapatra), abhishekpatra (a vesel meant for giving holy bath to the idol of deity), tilak ( sandalwood paste), naivedya (food offering), Cups meant for putting Panchamrut (five substances like sugar, milk, honey, curds and clarified butter), a  platter, the stand for inserting incense sticks, Pancharati (a type of lamp with five edges meant for waving), bell and basket meant for keeping flowers. The metal articles are mostly made up of gold, silver, bronze, copper or brass.

3.1 Importance of copper as compared to other metals in ritualistic worship

Now a days use of stainless steel is prevalent. But it has less capacity to absorb sattvik frequencies as compared to the metals mentioned before. Therefore the worshipper derives minimal benefit.

Thus we have seen that the metal articles are mostly made up of gold, silver, bronze, copper or brass. But amongst them copper is most important. Let us see its specialties.

According to science of spirituality the articles prepared from copper have an important place in deity worship. This is because copper has 30% capacity to imbibe sattvikta (the quality of sattva) when compared to other metals. Besides it has also70% ability to destroy the rajatama. Just as copper has the ability to absorb the sattvik frequencies of deities, it has also capacity of transmitting them. Thus it becomes rich in divinity in a short period. The sattvik frequencies of deities are then transferred to other components of puja. Therefore copper is considered an auspicious metal.

It has been seen that some people use metal articles descended down the family lineage. Here the question may arise as to how appropriate is this from the view point of spiritual science?

The effect of spiritual emotion of a worshipper towards the God is exactly reflected in the puja tools. Currently most of the people are lacking in such spiritual emotion. Therefore the new  tools used by them do not have the ability to absorb the sattvikta. When such articles become old after many years of use in puja and aarti only then they develop such capacity to absorb sattvikta. Therefore the use of new articles is not that beneficial.

Up till now we came to know about the articles in brief. Now let us see some of them in details.

4. Usage of kalash in ritualistic worship

Kalash ( water vessel) is an auspicious symbol of Hindu culture. It was generated during the Samudramanthan or great churning of ocean. Lord Vishnu held Kalash filled with nectar during Samudramanthan. All deities reside in the kalash. Therefore it has an important place in puja ritual. Let us understand this with the help of a subtle drawing.

Subtle drawing of Kalash

There is a certain space in the kalash which generates subtle sound vibrations which are of white colour. The manifest principle of a deity having yellow colour is seen getting attracted to the kalash. The blue circles seen inside the kalash is indicative of aap element (absolute water element). The circles and particles of chaitanya (divine consciousness) are seen projecting from the medium of kalash.

Now let us see why is water used in a kalash and why is it that the leaves of mango tree or that of betel vine are kept in it?

4.1 Why are mango leaves or betel vine leaves kept in the kalash ?

The kalash is used for creating seat for invoked deities during the puja ritual. First it is filled with water and then  leaves of mango tree or that of betel vine are kept in it. These leaves are known as leaves of deity’s seat. The deity principle gets maximaly attracted to these leaves of seat. The water inside the kalash keeps this seat pure till the ritual of Pranapratishta (invoking deity into an image, idol, coconut or betelnut). Thus the invoked deity principle stays for a long period.

In this kalash betel nut or some coins are then put. Thereafter a coconut is set up on the mouth of the kalash. The tuft of coconut attracts the deity principle from the atmosphere and it is then transmitted to the water in the kalash through the body of cococnut.

The water is pure and clean to the highest extent. That is the reason it is able to attract the sattvik particles of frequencies of deities. But it contains less quantity of raja particles and therefore has poor capacity to project the sattva particles.

Putting a coin is symbolic of sacrifice. Through this medium there is sacrifice of wealth and jiva (embodied soul)’s attachment is reduced. This qualifies the worshipper to benefit more from the sattvikta of puja ritual. A copper coin is put in the kalash. The copper has more capacity to project sattvik frequencies. It helps in emanation of sattvik frequencies present in the water into the atmosphere.

Also a betel nut is kept in the kalash meant for puja ritual. Betelnut enhances sattva and raja components in the water of the kalash. This increases the capacity of the water to emit manifest principle of deity.The betel nut contains particles related to absolute earth element which are useful in binding of sattva particles related to sattva component.This then easily helps in retaining the sattvikta of water for along time. Five  precious stones like pearl, diamond, emerald, blue sapphire, ruby and gold are also added to the water of kalash. The five precious stones and gold have capacity to attract and emit the principles of five superior deities. This  benefits the worshipper. But with changing times the use of five preious stones and copper is reduced and replaced by alloys which are spiritually of less benefit.

Now let us see as to why the water stored in the kalash is either poured under the Tulsi plant or is sprinkled in the premises after the conclusion of puja.

4.2 Why is the water stored in the kalash either poured under the Tulsi plant or sprinkled in the premises?

We are all familiar with the  immense importance of Tulsi in Ayurved and spirituality. The purity means predominance of sattva attribute. Tulsi has more capacity to attaract pure vibrations from the atmosphere than any other plant.It also emits sattvik vibrations in the atmosphere all the twenty four hours. The Tulsi absorbs the deity principle when chaitanya enriched water when poured under it and then emits them along with its sattvik vibrations.This creates the envelope of vibrations of deity and the atmosphere around the premises remains pure. This is form of divine armour. Similarly when water from the kalash is sprinkled in the premises, the vibrations of deity principle are emited in high proportion in the premises and helps in its purification.

Thus up till now we have learnt about the kalash and the substances kept in it during a puja ritual.


Why is milk or sandalwood paste used when making vastra from cotton?


The cotton vastra represents the Central channel (Sushumna nadi) of the Cosmic energy system (Kundalini) of the body of the embodied soul (worshipper). The seven cotton beads in the vastra are associated with the seven chakra (centres) of the Kundalini system, in the body of the embodied soul. The cotton thread joining these beads is the link of the manifest divine consciousness providing Sattva predominant frequencies to the entire body. When the attributeless divine consciousness in the Zero (Shunya) manifests as per the spiritual emotion of the embodied soul towards God, its colour is white and shining. In contrast the attributeless divine consciousness is like transparent water, but in this state it is dormant. The cotton beads and the thread joining them are the carriers of the manifest divine consciousness in the body. Milk is used to make the constrictions in this thread because the flow of manifest divine consciousness, is like the flow of milk. When this divine consciousness is provided to these beads, these centres (chakra) of the Kundalini, in the form of beads in the body are activated and the embodied soul (worshipper) comes into duality. It then carries out the functions related to the physical body in the universe with the help of non duality.

Use of sandalwood paste is better then milk when making this vastra. Due to the coating of sandalwood paste the frequencies of the deities are activated early and get attracted to the cotton vastra. By adorning the deity’s neck with this Sattva predominant vastra, the deity assumes It’s ‘with attributes’ form faster and begins functioning for the embodied soul (worshipper) in a shorter span of time. (Divine knowledge received through the medium of ‘Sadhak’)


How to identify pure vermilion?

Turmeric and Vermilion




‘Turmeric being an underground stem, the frequencies of earth in it are far greater than stems growing above the surface of soil. Vermilion is prepared from turmeric. Since turmeric and vermilion are offered to deities the worshipper benefits from the frequencies of earth in them as well as the frequencies of deities. Consequently the Sattva attribute is enhanced in him. At the same time his ability to tolerate raja-tama (distressing) frequencies also increases.’ (Divine knowledge received through the medium of ‘Sadhak’)


How to identify pure vermilion ?

Pure Vermilion

Pure Vermilion

Pure vermilion is made from pure turmeric, water of soda lime powder and a small quantity of pure camphor. Though it is made from turmeric, the odour of turmeric is entirely eliminated and a divine scent takes its place. The odour of turmeric is evident only when it is sniffed. In contrast the scent of pure vermilion is evident upto a certain distance. Pure vermilion though possesing humidity is completely dry. Its touch is ice-cold. Pure vermilion is blood red in colour. It has a high iron content. By application of this vermilion on the forehead, negative energies are prevented from entering through the midbrow region (bhrumadhya).

In the past (Satyayug, Tretayug and Dwaparyug) pure vermilion was available. With the passing of the eras the Sattva attribute in the vermilion has also deteriorated. In the Kaliyug people making pure vermilion are very few. (Divine knowledge received through the medium of  ‘Sadhak’)