Why is the vrat of Govatsa Dwadashi perfomed before Dipavali?


1. Meaning of Divali i.e. Dipavali

The word Dipavali is derived from the confluence of ‘dip’ and ‘avali’. ‘Dip’ means a lamp. ‘Avali’ means a row. Thus, the meaning of Dipavali is ‘a row of lamps’. Among all the festivals, Dipavali holds utmost importance from both the social and religious viewpoints. ‘Tamaso ma jyotirgamaya’, i.e. ‘Go from darkness to light’ is the directive of Upanishads. When Sriram completed the 14-year exile in the forest and returned to Ayodhya, the subjects celebrated Dipotsav. Dipavali commenced since then.

2. Preparation for Dipavali

Long before the arrival of Dipavali, people start cleaning their houses. They get the houses painted. This not only increases the life of the premise but its attraction also. Along with cleanliness, all the family members buy new clothes. Various types of sweets are prepared. Sri Lakshmi is pleased when Dipavali is celebrated after the house is cleaned, purified and decorated in all respects and She then lives there on a permanent basis.

2.1 Rangolis drawn during Dipavali

Sattvik Rangoli


There are two objectives of rangolis – expression of beauty and acquisition of auspiciousness. Every day such rangolis should be drawn as would attract the Principles of Deities and through them we should acquire the benefit of the Deities Principles.

2.2 Lighting oil lamps

During Dipavali oil lamps are lit every evening in front of Deities, the Tulasi plant and other places like the main door and courtyard. Nowadays candles or electric lamps are lit; but according to Scriptures it is appropriate and beneficial to light oil lamps. The oil lamp attracts sattvik frequencies from up to one meter. As against this, a candle emits raja-tama particles, whereas the electric lamp makes our attitude extrovert.

2.3 Lantern (Akashadip or Akashakandil)

Various artistic objects are prepared with coloured craft paper, thermocol etc. and an electric lamp is hanged in it. It is called akashadip or akashakandil.

2.4 Dwellings and castles made by children during Dipavali

During Dipavali in some places in North Bharat, children make a dwelling of mud in the courtyard which is called ‘Hatari’ at some places and ‘Gharkunda’ at other places. In Maharashtra children make castles and place the idols of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and his soldiers. Thus an attitude of resurrection of the nation and Dharma is nurtured among the children.

2.5 Dipavali greeting cards

On the auspicious occasion of Dipavali, people send greeting cards and also present gifts. The more sattvik these items, the higher is the benefit to the giver and the receiver. If the message of the greeting cards and gifts is associated with religious education, awakening of Dharma or religious conduct, the person receiving them gets inspiration to take some action in that direction. Such greeting cards are made by Hindu Sanstha

2.6 Firecrackers

Bursting firecrackers is an effort to enhance the splendour of the festival through the medium of gun powder! Compared to this, the harm it causes is much more.

The most important aspect is that there is no spiritual importance of firecrackers. Hence, do not burst firecrackers. Nowadays there are pictures of Deities and national heroes on the firecrackers, for example, Lakshmi brand bomb, Krushna brand bomb, Netaji brand firecracker etc. By bursting such firecrackers we tear the pictures of Deities and trample upon our own faith. This causes our spiritual loss also.

Some Hindu Sanstha are spearheading a movement along with other like-minded organisations in this regard. You too participate in it.

3. Govatsa Dwadashi or Vasubaras

Govatsa Dwadashi is the day to worship the cow along with her calf.

3.1 Importance of cow

A. Cow is a very useful animal: The cow, who is sattva-predominant, nourishes the society with her milk and lends fertility to the soil with the manure of her dung, is worthy of worship everywhere. The Hindus call the cow as Mother with gratitude. Where there is protection and nurture of cow, the person, society and nation do not lack in prosperity.

B. Principles of all Deities are attracted in the cow: Bhagwan Srikrushna is fond of cows. Dattatreya is also accompanied by a cow. The feature of the cow is that it attracts the Principles of all the Deities. Hence, it is said that all Deities dwell in the cow. The components obtained from the cow namely, milk, ghee, cow-dung or cow’s urine have the Principle of Deities accumulated in them.

C. The premise is purified by cow urine: Most of the Ayurvedic medicines contain cow urine. By sprinkling the cow urine in the premise, the destroyer frequencies of Deities’ Principles are emitted in the environment because of which the negative energies in the premise are driven away and the environment there becomes pure. The Panchagavya, that is, a mixture of five substances including cow urine, is important for internal and external purification during the ritual of worship.

3.2 Vrat associated with the cow

According to Shaka Samvat the day of Ashwin Krushna Dwadashi and according to Vikram Samvat, Kartik Krushna Dwadashi is called Govatsa Dwadashi.

Spiritual importance of Govatsa Dwadashi:

  • Protection of environment from the instability generated during the period of Dipavali: During the period of Dipavali the flow of Shakti filled with energy is activated in the environment. As a result the Earth’s environment is harmed at a subtle level. This causes instability in the environment. In order to save from the consequent harm, before Dipavali, the vrat of Govatsa Dwadashi has been recommended. On the day of Govatsa Dwadashi through the manifest frequencies of Sri Vishnu the stability is maintained in the environment.
  • Expressing gratitude towards the cow Kamadhenu from the subtle Vishnu region: On Govatsa Dwadashi, the Absolute Water Principle-dominant frequencies of Sri Vishnu from the subtle Vishnu region are carried to the Universe by a cow called Kamadhenu from that region. To express gratitude towards her, a cow is worshipped on this day.
  • Gaining benefit of frequencies of Sri Vishnu: On the day of Govatsa Dwadashi, due to absorption of the frequencies of the manifest form of Sri Vishnu in the cow, there is emission of the Chaitanya-filled frequencies of Sri Vishnu from the atmosphere to the Universe in the form of a cover. The person worshipping a cow gets the benefit of these frequencies of Sri Vishnu.

3.3 Fasting under Govatsa Dwadashi

This vrat is done by consuming one meal. However, in the meal cow milk and the dishes made from it and fried foods like bhujiya, pakaudi etc. are not consumed.

3.4 Science underlying the worship of cow in the morning or evening on Govatsa Dwadashi

In the morning or evening the frequencies of Sri Vishnu in manifest form are attracted in the cow in higher proportion. These frequencies accelerate the unmanifest frequencies of Sri Vishnu in 10 % more proportion.

3.5 Worship of cow

  • First a resolve is made to worship the cow.
  • Then consecrated rice is offered to the cow and she is invoked.
  • Then consecrated rice is offered and a seat is offered to her.
  • Thereafter, the rituals like padya, arghya, bathing etc. are done.
  • Cloth is offered.
  • Then sandalwood paste, turmeric and vermilion are applied to her.
  • Sandalwood is offered.
  • Then ornaments are offered.
  • A garland is offered.
  • Thereafter ‘nyas’ is made by touching every part of the cow.
  • After the worship of cow, sandalwood paste, turmeric, vermilion and a garland etc. are offered to the calf.
  • Then two incense sticks are waved in front of the cow and the calf.
  • Then a lit lamp is waved in front of them.
  • Then Holy sacrament is offered to them.
  • Then circumambulation is done around the cow.
  • A garland of Tulasi leaves is offered and flowers are offered after chanting mantras.
  • Then again arghya is offered and the worship is concluded.

After the worship, the cow should again be paid obeisance with spiritual emotion. If for any reason the worship of cow with sixteen substances is not possible, we can worship with five substances also. The worship of cow teaches us to view Divine Principle in every animate and inanimate object. The person observing a vrat acquires all the pleasures of life.



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