Why is Lord Rama known as Maryadapurushottam and Lord Krushna as Purnapurushottam?

Sri Ram

Sri Krushna

1. The Ramayan and the Mahabharat

Ramayan Mahabharat
1. Author Sage Valmiki Maharshi Vyas
2. Writer and
events
Was written before it
occurred
Was written as it
occurred
3. Begining Begining from Lav
and Kush it includes the
history of the previous
seven generations
It begins from King
Janmejay and includes
the history of the
previous seven
generations
4. 100 sons Born to Sage Vasishtha Born to Dhrutarashtra
5. The royal secret
[path to Final
Liberation
(Moksha)]
Was revealed by Ravan
to Lakshman when the
former was dying
Was revealed by
Bhishmacharya to
Yudhishthir when the
former was on His
deathbed
6. Reading Should be done before
the Mahabharat. One is
able to understand the
limitations and implied
meaning from it.
After the Ramayan. If
read before then one
begins to feel that one
should also have
several gopis like Krushna!

2. Rama and Krushna

Rama Krushna
1. Birth
A. Lineage Ikshvaku Yadu
B. Dynasty Surya Chandra
C. Place Palace Prison
D. Era (yug) Treta Dvapar
E. Date (tithi) Ninth day (navami) of the
Hindu lunar fortnight
(complete number)*
Eighth day (ashtami) of the
Hindu lunar fortnight
(reducing number)**
F. Time Twelve noon Midnight i.e. zero hours
G. Complexion Blue Bluish black
2. Family life
A. Brothers
1. Order among the
siblings
Eldest Youngest (eighth)
2. The brother who
was an incarnation
of Shesh the serpent
Lakshman, Rama’s
younger brother
Balaram, Krushna’s
elder brother. He had
to listen to Krushna on
every occasion despite
being older to Him.
3. Brotherly,
Guru-disciple
relationship
Rama and Bharat Krushna and Arjun
(They shared a brotherly
relationship.
B. Childhood Was spent in royal
spendour in the palace
He had to face several
killers who wanted to
slay Him
C. Wife/Companion
1. Number One Many
2. Relationship Rama and Sita were
husband and wife
Krushna and the gopis
shared a Guru-disciple
relationship.
D. Abduction Sita was abducted
by Ravan
Krushna abducted
Rukmini
E. The search
1. For whom? After Sita was abducted,
Rama went in search of Her
The Kouravs went in
search of the Pandavs
when they were living
in exile (adnyatvas).
2. Assistance He received assistance
from several people.
He helped the Pandavs
during this period.
3. Political life
A. First slaying of
a woman
Tratika Putana
B. Son of the Sun
deity 

Son of Lord
Indra

He protected Sugriv, son
of the Sun deity 

He slayed Vali, the son
of Indra

He made Arjun slay
Karna, son of the Sun deity 

He helped Arjun, son
of Indra on the battlefield

C. Accepting others’
advice
Often Never
D. Mission Set an example to others
by carrying it out
Himself
Undertook it Himself
and often also got it
done from others
E. Acquisition of the
title Shri [Shri
(opulence) itself
comes to the one who
deserves it]
First His Name was Rama.
After slaying Ravan it
became Shrirama
First His Name was
Krushna. After slaying
Kansa it became
Shrikrushna
F. Abandonment of a
woman
He even deserted His wife
according to the
circumstances
Despite criticism of being
with the gopis He never
abandoned them
G. Ideal king Rule of Righteousness
(Ramarajya)
He never ascended the
throne
H. Behaviour during
the period of
prosperity and
adverse times
He illustrated how a king
should behave during
the prosperous period
He showed how a king
should behave during
the adverse times.
4. Religious life
A. Living within the
limitations of
Righteousness
(Dharma)
Always, hence He is called
the Supreme limit of
Righteousness (Maryada-
purushottam). (Nowadays
limitations are called
bondages!)
Depending on the situation,
at times He crossed the
limitations of Righteousness;
but in reality since
He was one beyond the
three components,
The Supreme Being
performing the divine
sport (Lilapurushottam)
and The Absolute
Supreme Being (Purnapuru-
shottam) He was always
beyond limitations.
(Only those who are within
the three components are
bound by norms and
restrictions, righteous
limitations, etc.)
B. Living and
teaching others
He lived it Himself Besides living it Himself
He taught it to others
-Hence the quote goes
‘कृष्‍णं वंद्‍े
जगद्‍गुरुम्‌
Salutation O Lord
Krushna, the teacher
of the universe’
C. Guidance to
society
Through unity of the
family
By performing various
actions in the
society
D. Spread of
Righteousness
Through righteous
behaviour
According to the situation
even by crossing the
limitations of Righteousness
E. The yogi and the
one engrossed in
worldly pleasures
He was a yogi yet He
led a worldly life
Though He led a life of
worldly pleasures He was
a yogi (The Lord of
Yoga – Yogeshvar)
F. Miracles Since Brahman is obscured
by the covering of the
Great Illusion (Maya)
He did not perform
miracles
Great Illusion is
surrounded by Brahman.
Hence even in childhood
He performed miracles
5. Type of life led
outwardly
He experienced several
unhappy events
He was always happy
6. Incarnations and others
A. Impression of the
people regarding
His temperament
Composed, serious Naughty, mischievous
B. How did people
behave with Him?
They were reserved They were open, free
C. Feeling of the
common man for Him
Respect Love
7. Renunciation of the body
A. Method Jalasamadhi
(samadhi in water)
Pretence of being
injured with a hunter’s arrow
B. Perishing of the
inhabitants of the
city after the
renunciation of
the body+
After Rama’s
renunciation of the
body inhabitants of
Ayodhya renounced
their bodies in the
Sharayu river
Before the end of
Krushna’s incarnation
inhabitants of Dvaraka
fought amongst themselves
and died. After His
renunciation Dvaraka
too got submerged
8. According to the
science of letters
(aksharshastra)
12 Sanskrut alphabets
[from a (अ) to
aha (आ) excluding
ru (ऋ), rû (ऋ),
lru (लृ) and lrû (लृ)]
16 Sanskrut alphabets
[from a (अ) to
aha (आ) including
ru (ऋ), rû (ऋ),
lru (लृ) and lrû (लृ)]
9. According to the
science of kalas
(kalashastra)++
12 kalas 16 kalas
10. Progress in spiritual
practice from the
seeker’s point of
view
As one chants Rama’s
Name, one can merge
into Him
By chanting Krushna’s
Name one does not
acquire His form; because
the entire universe itself
is composed of Krushna!

* Analysis of the word complete number (purnanka) is as follows:

Table of nine : Complete number
9 x 1 = 9
9 x 2 = 18 (18 according to the numerology means)
1 + 8 = 9
9 x 3 = 27 (27    ,,    ) 2 + 7 = 9
9 x 4 = 36 (36    ,,    ) 3 + 6 = 9

As seen in the table of 9 above or in any multiples of 9 if the digits are added then their sum equals 9. Hence 9 is called a complete number. Since it is complete, it does not change.

** Analysis of the word reducing number (kshayanka) is as follows :

Table of eight : Reducing number
8 x 1 = 8
8 x 2 = 16 (16 according to the numerology means)
1 + 6 = 7
8 x 3 = 24                      (24    ,,    ) 2 + 4 = 6
8 x 4 = 32                      (32    ,,    ) 3 + 2 = 5
8 x 5 = 40                      (40    ,,    ) 4 + 0 = 4
8 x 6 = 48    4 + 8 = 12  (12    ,,    ) 1+ 2 = 3
8 x 7 = 56    5 + 6 = 11  (11    ,,    ) 1+ 1 = 2
8 x 8 = 64    6 + 4 = 10  (10    ,,    ) 1+ 0 = 1
8 x 9 = 72                                        7 + 2 = 9
8 x 10 = 80                                      8 + 0 = 8
8 x 11 = 88   8 + 8 = 16   (16 according to the numerology means)
1+ 6 = 7
8 x 12 = 96   9 + 6 = 15  (15    ,,    ) 1+ 5 = 6

The last number in the table decreases from 9 to 1. Hence the number eight is called a reducing number.

+ Several deities and saints also reincarnate along with an incarnation. When an incarnation completes its mission and renounces its body, within a short period They too follow suit.

++
1. The Hindu lunar month has two fortnights the first from the first day (pratipada) to the full moon day (pournima) and the second from the first day to the new moon day (amavasya). The everlasting principle from which they originate is referred to as the sixteenth phase (kala)

2. Till the full moon day the moon has 15 favourable phases, the sixteenth being the unfavourable new moon day. Thus there are sixteen phases in which all duality such as black and white, etc. are included. The implied meaning is ‘the one who considers both happiness and unhappiness the same’.

3. 16 phases mean 100% while 12 mean 75%. Till the full moon day, the moon has 15 phases. 15 phases mean complete 100%, 16 mean absolute, just like one says 101%.

||Salutation O Lord Krushna, the teacher of the universe ||
(Krushnam Vande Jagadgurum)
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